Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for example lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For other assignments, you shall have to come up with your personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For instance, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the topic matter itself, that may suggest a structure according to chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation associated with the matter that is subject. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics so as of importance
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Have a look at how the info is organised and sequenced. Make sure you modify the structure to suit your purpose to avoid plagiarism.

Essays are a really common kind of academic writing. All essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion like most of the texts you write at university. However, the body that is main be structured in many different ways.

To create a essay that is good

Reports generally have the same basic structure as essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main may differ widely, because the term ‘report’ is employed for many forms of texts and purposes in different disciplines.

Find out as much as possible about what type of report is expected.

How exactly to plan your structure

There are many ways to show up with a structure for the work. It, try some of the strategies below if you’re not sure how to approach.

After and during reading your sources, make notes and begin thinking about techniques to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. As an example:

  • search for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other methods of grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or kinds of theory
  • use coloured highlighters or symbols to tag themes or kinds of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a couple of various ways of structuring your assignment once you’ve a rough idea of the main issues. Try this in outline form before you start writing – it’s much easier to re-structure a plan than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references would be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not squeeze into your overall purpose, and facts or references which are not useful for what you want to go over
  • when you have lots of information, such as for instance for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to demonstrate how each theory or reading relates to each heading (this is called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • plan the number of paragraphs you will need, the topic at risk of every one, and dot points for each little bit of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different possible structures until you see the one that works best.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea this is certainly detailed enough so that you could start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You’ll also know how to locate evidence for many basic ideas in your notes together with sourced elements of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulties with the entire process of planning the dwelling of your assignment, consider trying a strategy that is different grouping and organising your information.

Making the structure clear

Your writing is supposed to be clear and logical to see if it’s easy to see the dwelling and exactly how it fits together. You can accomplish that in lot of ways.

  • Make use of the final end for the introduction to show the reader what structure you may anticipate.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if these are appropriate for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, to show the reader what the idea that is main, and to link back again to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The start of each sentence should link returning to the main concept of the paragraph or a previous sentence.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the structure of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in comparison, for this good reason, as a result and moreover.


Most of the types of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose would be to clearly tell the reader the topic, purpose and structure of this paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It begins with the most general information, such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The center is the core for the introduction, where you show the topic that is overall purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (depending on what type of paper it really is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of one’s paper.

If the main body of one’s paper follows a template that is predictable including the method, results and discussion stages of a written report into the sciences, you generally don’t need certainly to include a guide into the structure in your introduction.

You should write your introduction after you know both your current point of view (if it is a persuasive paper) in addition to whole structure of the paper. Alternatively, you ought to revise the introduction if you have completed the main body.


Most writing that is academic structured into paragraphs. It really is helpful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also known as introductory sentence)
  • body associated with paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general breakdown of this issue and also the function of the paragraph. With regards to the duration of the paragraph, this might be more than one sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

Your body associated with paragraph elaborates entirely on the subject sentence by providing definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for instance.

The final sentence in several, not all, paragraphs may be the sentence that is concluding. It generally does not present information that is new but often either summarises or comments from the paragraph content. It may provide a web link, by showing the way the paragraph links to your topic sentence of this paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back to the main topic.

You don’t have to create all of your paragraphs making use of this structure. For instance, there are paragraphs with no topic sentence, or the topic is mentioned nearby the final end of sign up this paragraph. However, this is an obvious and common structure that makes it easy for your reader to check out.


In conclusion is closely related to the introduction and it is often described as its ‘mirror image’. This means in the event that introduction starts with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves when you look at the direction that is opposite.

The conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure of the paper
  • confirms this issue that was given into the introduction. This might use the type of the aims of the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a research question/hypothesis and its own answer/outcome.
  • ends with an even more statement that is general how this topic pertains to its context. This might take the form of an assessment regarding the importance of the subject, implications for future research or a recommendation about practice or theory.
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