Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Figure Out What Publication Style To Utilize

Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Figure Out What Publication Style To Utilize

Decide which Journal(s) you will want to submit to and download their manuscript composition guidelines from their websites. Determine which publication style is acceptable for the Journal and consistently follow that style for the entire manuscript. As one example, Soundings uses APA style (American Psychological Association). A few of the more widely used style manuals include:

Parts of the Paper

Pretty much all research papers are comprised of seven sections that are separate an abstract, introduction, hypothesis, materials & methods, results, discussion, and reference section.

An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary regarding the completed work whereby the reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general way of the issue, pertinent results, and important conclusions. The abstract may be the only text in a research paper to be written without needing paragraphs so that you can separate major points. Summarize the research succinctly, utilising the past tense, complete sentences and correct grammar. Include the following elements:

  • Reason for the research – hypothesis, overall question, objective (try to define in one single sentence)
  • Model organism or system and description that is brief of experiment (try to define in one single sentence)
  • Results, including specific quantitative data and outcomes of statistical analyses
  • Important conclusions or questions that follow through the experiment(s)


The objective of an introduction is to acquaint the reader with all the rationale behind the work. Provide a whole literary writeup on the details known in regards to the topic (that both supports and contrasts your hypothesis) placing your projects in a theoretical context which enables the reader to comprehend and appreciate your objectives. Describe the importance (significance) regarding the scholarly study and just why it has value. Defend the model and provide a rationale. Explain why you selected this organism that is particular system? What exactly are its advantages/disadvantages? You could comment on its suitability from a theoretical point of view along with indicate practical grounds for deploying it.

Hypothesis (es)

A hypothesis is an informed guess about how exactly things work. Your hypothesis should really be constructed in a fashion that helps you answer your original research question and be stated in a manner that can be easily measured. Your research must have addressed whether your hypothesis is false or true. Describe the reasoning and references that led you to definitely make each hypothesis.

Materials and Methods

Materials and methods might be reported under separate subheadings inside this section or can together be incorporated. The aim would be to document all specialized materials and general procedures to ensure that another individual may use some or all the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of your work. It is really not to be a step by step description of anything you did, nor is a methods section a couple of instructions. Omit all explanatory information and background, saving this for the discussion. Also avoid including information that is irrelevant to a third party, such as for instance what color ice bucket you used, or which individual logged when you look at the data. Typically, the third person passive voice can be used to publish this section.

The objective of a results section is to provide and illustrate your findings figures that are using tables that will portray the outcome most effectively. This section should be a report that is completely objective of results and any interpretation of what these results indicate must certanly be reserved when it comes to for the discussion section. Describe each of your results, pointing the reader to observations which can be most relevant, however, the written text should complement figures and/or tables, not repeat the information that is same. If applicable, describe link between control experiments you need to include observations which are not presented in a figure that is formal table. Never include raw data or calculations that are intermediate a research paper. Usually do not present the write my essay for me same data more than once. Utilize the past tense whenever you refer to your results and put everything in a order that is logical.


The discussion section can be used to offer an interpretation of one’s results and support your conclusions evidence that is using your experiment and, if appropriate, from other published literature. While you describe your data be sure to identify mechanisms that could account for the outcomes. If the results change from your expectations, explain why that could have happened. When your results agree, then describe the theory that the evidence supported. It is never appropriate to simply state that the information agreed with expectations, and allow it drop. Decide in the event that experimental design was properly controlled an if it adequately addressed the hypothesis(es). Describe if each hypothesis was supported, rejected, or if a determination could not be made out of confidence, and expand upon the mechanisms that deemed it so. Compare and contrast your research findings with literature review findings and attempt to offer alternative explanations if at all possible. One experiment will not answer an question that is overall so keeping the picture as a whole at heart, identify what questions remain and suggest areas that want further study.

Literature Cited

List all literature cited in your paper, in alphabetical order, by first author. Only use primary literature (original research articles authored by the initial investigators).

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